Concrete is used to build swimming pools. Concrete has been proven to be a long-lasting material well-suited for this type of construction.

Swimming Pool Construction: Basic Requirements

These are the basic requirements for building a swimming pool:

1. A pool shell is required. The pool shell must be sound and structurally sound.

2. Pool shells must be constructed and designed to keep water out. This must be observed when the pool is fully or partially full.

Due to their size, some swimming pools may be built below the water table.

This requires a more watertight pool shell to resist groundwater penetration and infiltration. This can happen even if the pool has been filled with water or is empty.

3. The interior swimming pool floor and wall surfaces must be finished smoothly, attractive and waterproof material.

This should allow for easy cleaning. The pool water must be clear and pure.

4. A walkway must be constructed around the pool’s perimeter. The minimum width of the walkway should be 1.5m.

The walkway should be made of a non-slip material, which can be cleaned easily and is durable.

5. Safety steps must be provided around pools used by children as young as 5 years old.

The steps should not be located more than 900mm below water level. The figure-1 shows this arrangement.

6. The provision of a diving board depends on the local swimming association. This is different if the pool has been installed for diving competitions.

Construction Details for Residential Swimming Pools

The construction of residential pools is done using a mixture of cement, fly ash, pea stones, water, and sprayed water.

A layer of a vinyl liner is recommended for constructions in areas with higher water tables or groundwater infiltration. You can use many shapes to build residential pools, provided they do not exceed safety limits.

Covered and Open Pools for Hotels, Clubs, and Schools

Because they are mostly built on the same plot as the building, open pool construction is limited in its options. The exception is pools built for schools. Here the pools are part of the ground facilities.

These are the basic considerations for building open pools:

  1. The position of the pool must allow maximum sunlight to reach it. It must get enough sun after the afternoon.
  2. Avoid trees close to your property. The roots of trees can cause structural damage. Also, the discoloration can be caused by the leaves.
  3. It is recommended to have natural windbreaks as an integral part of the main structure.
  4. It is very important to know the positions of utilities such as drainage, electricity and gas supply lines.
  5. Proper professional guidance is required for landscaping near the pool area.

Covered pools offer many benefits over open ones. The open-air pool can only be used for 150 days. A covered pool can last for 365 days.

Covered pools have many advantages:

  1. Problems of freeze and melt are minimized.
  2. The floor and wall staining are minimized.
  3. Dead leaves can cause wall discoloration.
  4. It is possible to eliminate the possibility of getting airborne dirt.
  5. Covered pools have major drawbacks. There is a possibility of condensation on the ceiling and walls. Extreme condensation is dependent on the construction method and the roof space.


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